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Guess the disease!

Topic: Behavior

Created on Wednesday, February 21 2007 by jdmiles

Last modified on Wednesday, February 21 2007.

GUESS WHAT I'M THINKING!

I'm thinking of a disease wherein decreased cerluloplasmin leads to deposition of copper first in the liver and later in the brain (especially putamen and globus pallidus). Common symptoms include tremor and bradykinesia. Treatment is with d-penicillamine.
What disease am I thinking of?

 
        A) Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome
 
        B) Wilson's Disease
 
        C) Alpers' Disease
 
        D) Zellweger Syndrome
 
        E) Sydenham Chorea
 

 


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This question was created on February 21, 2007 by jdmiles.
This question was last modified on February 21, 2007.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS




A) Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome

This answer is incorrect.


Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome is a syndrome of ophthalmoparesis, nystagmus, ataxia, confusion, and inability to learn or form new memories. Other findings often include peripheral neuropathy, postural hypotension, and hypothermia. It is associated with thiamine deficiency, often secondary to malnutrition or alcoholism.   (See References)

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B) Wilson's Disease

This answer is correct.


Wilson's Disease is a disease wherein decreased cerluloplasmin leads to deposition of copper first in the liver and later in the brain (especially putamen and globus pallidus). Common symptoms include tremor and bradykinesia. Treatment is with d-penicillamine.  (See References)

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C) Alpers' Disease

This answer is incorrect.


Alpers' Disease is a disorder which may be inherited or sporadic. It begins in early infancy with loss of smile, loss of interest in surroundings, episodes of sweating, seizures, and diffuse myoclonic jerks. As it progresses, there follows diffuse spasticity, blindness, delayed growth, and progressive microcephaly. In late stages, the patient is essentially decorticate. The etiology is not yet understood.  (See References)

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D) Zellweger Syndrome

This answer is incorrect.


Zellweger Syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder that results in a lack of liver peroxisomes. It results in accumulation of very long chain fatty acids, and is terminal at a few months of age.  (See References)

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E) Sydenham Chorea

This answer is incorrect.


Sydenham Chorea is a choreiform disorder associated with streptococcal infection.   (See References)

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References:

1. Victor, M., and Ropper, A.H. (2001). Adams and Victor's Principles of Neurology, 7th Edition. McGraw-Hill, New York.
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behavior
Guess the disease!
Question ID: 02210701
Question written by J. Douglas Miles, (C) 2006-2009, all rights reserved.
Created: 02/21/2007
Modified: 02/21/2007
Estimated Permutations: 0

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