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Guess the disease!

Topic: Behavior

Created on Wednesday, February 21 2007 by jdmiles

Last modified on Wednesday, February 21 2007.

GUESS WHAT I'M THINKING!

I'm thinking of a syndrome of ophthalmoparesis, nystagmus, ataxia, confusion, and inability to learn or form new memories. Other findings often include peripheral neuropathy, postural hypotension, and hypothermia. It is associated with thiamine deficiency, often secondary to malnutrition or alcoholism.
What disease am I thinking of?

 
        A) Brown-Sequard Syndrome
 
        B) Alpers-Hutttenlocher syndrome
 
        C) Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome
 
        D) Dancing Eyes-Dancing Feet Syndrome
 
        E) Reye's Syndrome
 

 


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This question was created on February 21, 2007 by jdmiles.
This question was last modified on February 21, 2007.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS




A) Brown-Sequard Syndrome

This answer is incorrect.


Brown-Sequard Syndrome is a homolateral paralysis which spares the face, with ipsilateral loss of position and vibratory sense, and contralateral loss of temperature and pain. Results from a unilateral spinal cord lesion.  (See References)

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B) Alpers-Hutttenlocher syndrome

This answer is incorrect.


Alpers-Hutttenlocher syndrome is a subtype of progressive cerebral poliodystrophy in which there are also hepatic symptoms: jaundice, fatty degeneration, and cirrhosis. Other symptoms include anemia, thrombocytopenia, and trichorrhexis.  (See References)

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C) Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome

This answer is correct.


Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome is a syndrome of ophthalmoparesis, nystagmus, ataxia, confusion, and inability to learn or form new memories. Other findings often include peripheral neuropathy, postural hypotension, and hypothermia. It is associated with thiamine deficiency, often secondary to malnutrition or alcoholism.   (See References)

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D) Dancing Eyes-Dancing Feet Syndrome

This answer is incorrect.


Dancing Eyes-Dancing Feet Syndrome is a cerebellar ataxia with polymyoclonus which may be postinfectious.  (See References)

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E) Reye's Syndrome

This answer is incorrect.


Reye's Syndrome is a form of hepatic encephalopathy, marked by fatty liver and cerebral edema. It is seen in children and adolescents, and is associated with the use of aspirin during viral infections, especially influenza and varicella.  (See References)

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References:

1. Victor, M., and Ropper, A.H. (2001). Adams and Victor's Principles of Neurology, 7th Edition. McGraw-Hill, New York.
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behavior
Guess the disease!
Question ID: 02210701
Question written by J. Douglas Miles, (C) 2006-2009, all rights reserved.
Created: 02/21/2007
Modified: 02/21/2007
Estimated Permutations: 0

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