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Guess the disease!

Topic: Behavior

Created on Wednesday, February 21 2007 by jdmiles

Last modified on Wednesday, February 21 2007.

GUESS WHAT I'M THINKING!

I'm thinking of a type of peripheral neuralgia in which there is persistent burning pain in an extremity, along with abnormal sympathetic innervation in the affected nerve. It is most often seen after trauma.
What disease am I thinking of?

 
        A) Devic's Syndrome
 
        B) Alpers' Disease
 
        C) Alpers-Hutttenlocher syndrome
 
        D) Causalgia
 
        E) Wernicke's Encephalopathy
 

 


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This question was created on February 21, 2007 by jdmiles.
This question was last modified on February 21, 2007.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS




A) Devic's Syndrome

This answer is incorrect.


Devic's Syndrome is a variant of multiple sclerosis (MS), in which optic neuritis and transverse myelitis occur together, or at least within weeks of each other. The transverse myelitis frequently leads to necrosis, and is thus more permanent than the usual transverse myelitis associated with MS. It also differs from MS in that the lesions are often limited to those described above, and the rest of the CNS is spared. Serologic finidngs are also frequently different from those of MS, e.g., no oligoclonal bands.  (See References)

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B) Alpers' Disease

This answer is incorrect.


Alpers' Disease is a disorder which may be inherited or sporadic. It begins in early infancy with loss of smile, loss of interest in surroundings, episodes of sweating, seizures, and diffuse myoclonic jerks. As it progresses, there follows diffuse spasticity, blindness, delayed growth, and progressive microcephaly. In late stages, the patient is essentially decorticate. The etiology is not yet understood.  (See References)

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C) Alpers-Hutttenlocher syndrome

This answer is incorrect.


Alpers-Hutttenlocher syndrome is a subtype of progressive cerebral poliodystrophy in which there are also hepatic symptoms: jaundice, fatty degeneration, and cirrhosis. Other symptoms include anemia, thrombocytopenia, and trichorrhexis.  (See References)

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D) Causalgia

This answer is correct.


Causalgia is a type of peripheral neuralgia in which there is persistent burning pain in an extremity, along with abnormal sympathetic innervation in the affected nerve. It is most often seen after trauma.  (See References)

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E) Wernicke's Encephalopathy

This answer is incorrect.


Wernicke's Encephalopathy is a syndrome of ophthalmoparesis, nystagmus, ataxia, and confusion. Other findings often include postural hypotension and hypothermia. It is associated with thiamine deficiency, often secondary to malnutrition or alcoholism.   (See References)

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References:

1. Victor, M., and Ropper, A.H. (2001). Adams and Victor's Principles of Neurology, 7th Edition. McGraw-Hill, New York.
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behavior
Guess the disease!
Question ID: 02210701
Question written by J. Douglas Miles, (C) 2006-2009, all rights reserved.
Created: 02/21/2007
Modified: 02/21/2007
Estimated Permutations: 0

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