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Guess the disease!

Topic: Behavior

Created on Wednesday, February 21 2007 by jdmiles

Last modified on Wednesday, February 21 2007.

GUESS WHAT I'M THINKING!

I'm thinking of a disorder thought to typify a high-functioning variant of Autism. These patients may be adept at various cognitive skills, but have difficulty relating socially or emotionally with others.
What disease am I thinking of?

 
        A) Zellweger Syndrome
 
        B) Causalgia
 
        C) Asperger Syndrome
 
        D) Devic's Syndrome
 
        E) Brown-Sequard Syndrome
 

 


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This question was created on February 21, 2007 by jdmiles.
This question was last modified on February 21, 2007.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS




A) Zellweger Syndrome

This answer is incorrect.


Zellweger Syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder that results in a lack of liver peroxisomes. It results in accumulation of very long chain fatty acids, and is terminal at a few months of age.  (See References)

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B) Causalgia

This answer is incorrect.


Causalgia is a type of peripheral neuralgia in which there is persistent burning pain in an extremity, along with abnormal sympathetic innervation in the affected nerve. It is most often seen after trauma.  (See References)

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C) Asperger Syndrome

This answer is correct.


Asperger Syndrome is a disorder thought to typify a high-functioning variant of Autism. These patients may be adept at various cognitive skills, but have difficulty relating socially or emotionally with others.  (See References)

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D) Devic's Syndrome

This answer is incorrect.


Devic's Syndrome is a variant of multiple sclerosis (MS), in which optic neuritis and transverse myelitis occur together, or at least within weeks of each other. The transverse myelitis frequently leads to necrosis, and is thus more permanent than the usual transverse myelitis associated with MS. It also differs from MS in that the lesions are often limited to those described above, and the rest of the CNS is spared. Serologic finidngs are also frequently different from those of MS, e.g., no oligoclonal bands.  (See References)

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E) Brown-Sequard Syndrome

This answer is incorrect.


Brown-Sequard Syndrome is a homolateral paralysis which spares the face, with ipsilateral loss of position and vibratory sense, and contralateral loss of temperature and pain. Results from a unilateral spinal cord lesion.  (See References)

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References:

1. Victor, M., and Ropper, A.H. (2001). Adams and Victor's Principles of Neurology, 7th Edition. McGraw-Hill, New York.
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behavior
Guess the disease!
Question ID: 02210701
Question written by J. Douglas Miles, (C) 2006-2009, all rights reserved.
Created: 02/21/2007
Modified: 02/21/2007
Estimated Permutations: 0

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