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Guess the disease!

Topic: Behavior

Created on Wednesday, February 21 2007 by jdmiles

Last modified on Wednesday, February 21 2007.

GUESS WHAT I'M THINKING!

I'm thinking of a syndrome of severe anterograde and retrograde amnesia. It is often associated with polyenuropathy. It is frequently associated with a thiamine deficiency secondary to alcoholism or malnutrition, with lesions of the mammillary bodies visible on pathology or MRI. It can have other etiologies, including ischemic lesions in various parts of the brain.
What disease am I thinking of?

 
        A) Korsakoff's Amnesic Syndrome
 
        B) Williams Syndrome
 
        C) Rett Syndrome
 
        D) Alpers-Hutttenlocher syndrome
 
        E) Zellweger Syndrome
 

 


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This question was created on February 21, 2007 by jdmiles.
This question was last modified on February 21, 2007.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS




A) Korsakoff's Amnesic Syndrome

This answer is correct.


Korsakoff's Amnesic Syndrome is a syndrome of severe anterograde and retrograde amnesia. It is often associated with polyenuropathy. It is frequently associated with a thiamine deficiency secondary to alcoholism or malnutrition, with lesions of the mammillary bodies visible on pathology or MRI. It can have other etiologies, including ischemic lesions in various parts of the brain.   (See References)

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B) Williams Syndrome

This answer is incorrect.


Williams Syndrome is a disease, also called elfin facies syndrome, which is a congenital form of mental retardation related to an abnormality on chromosome 7. Patients are mildly developmentally delayed, but retain musical ability and social skills. Motor skills are impaired. Patients tend also to have supravalvular aortic stenosis.  (See References)

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C) Rett Syndrome

This answer is incorrect.


Rett Syndrome is an X-linked dominant form of mental retardation primarily affecting girls. These girls develop normally until 6 to 18 months of age, after which they lose mental abilities and motor skills.  (See References)

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D) Alpers-Hutttenlocher syndrome

This answer is incorrect.


Alpers-Hutttenlocher syndrome is a subtype of progressive cerebral poliodystrophy in which there are also hepatic symptoms: jaundice, fatty degeneration, and cirrhosis. Other symptoms include anemia, thrombocytopenia, and trichorrhexis.  (See References)

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E) Zellweger Syndrome

This answer is incorrect.


Zellweger Syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder that results in a lack of liver peroxisomes. It results in accumulation of very long chain fatty acids, and is terminal at a few months of age.  (See References)

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References:

1. Victor, M., and Ropper, A.H. (2001). Adams and Victor's Principles of Neurology, 7th Edition. McGraw-Hill, New York.
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behavior
Guess the disease!
Question ID: 02210701
Question written by J. Douglas Miles, (C) 2006-2009, all rights reserved.
Created: 02/21/2007
Modified: 02/21/2007
Estimated Permutations: 0

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