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Guess the disease!

Topic: Behavior

Created on Wednesday, February 21 2007 by jdmiles

Last modified on Wednesday, February 21 2007.

GUESS WHAT I'M THINKING!

I'm thinking of a form of hepatic encephalopathy, marked by fatty liver and cerebral edema. It is seen in children and adolescents, and is associated with the use of aspirin during viral infections, especially influenza and varicella.
What disease am I thinking of?

 
        A) Wernicke's Encephalopathy
 
        B) Alexander Disease
 
        C) Reye's Syndrome
 
        D) Korsakoff's Amnesic Syndrome
 
        E) Devic's Syndrome
 

 


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This question was created on February 21, 2007 by jdmiles.
This question was last modified on February 21, 2007.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS




A) Wernicke's Encephalopathy

This answer is incorrect.


Wernicke's Encephalopathy is a syndrome of ophthalmoparesis, nystagmus, ataxia, and confusion. Other findings often include postural hypotension and hypothermia. It is associated with thiamine deficiency, often secondary to malnutrition or alcoholism.   (See References)

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B) Alexander Disease

This answer is incorrect.


Alexander Disease is a rare, congenital disease which does not appear to be inherited. No metabolic cause has been found. Clinical features include seizures, psychomotor retardation, and failure to thrive, followed by progressive macrocephaly. The frontal lobes show white matter degeneration, and pathology shows Rosenthal fibers found near the pia and blood vessels, these are thought to be detritus from glial destruction.  (See References)

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C) Reye's Syndrome

This answer is correct.


Reye's Syndrome is a form of hepatic encephalopathy, marked by fatty liver and cerebral edema. It is seen in children and adolescents, and is associated with the use of aspirin during viral infections, especially influenza and varicella.  (See References)

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D) Korsakoff's Amnesic Syndrome

This answer is incorrect.


Korsakoff's Amnesic Syndrome is a syndrome of severe anterograde and retrograde amnesia. It is often associated with polyenuropathy. It is frequently associated with a thiamine deficiency secondary to alcoholism or malnutrition, with lesions of the mammillary bodies visible on pathology or MRI. It can have other etiologies, including ischemic lesions in various parts of the brain.   (See References)

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E) Devic's Syndrome

This answer is incorrect.


Devic's Syndrome is a variant of multiple sclerosis (MS), in which optic neuritis and transverse myelitis occur together, or at least within weeks of each other. The transverse myelitis frequently leads to necrosis, and is thus more permanent than the usual transverse myelitis associated with MS. It also differs from MS in that the lesions are often limited to those described above, and the rest of the CNS is spared. Serologic finidngs are also frequently different from those of MS, e.g., no oligoclonal bands.  (See References)

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References:

1. Victor, M., and Ropper, A.H. (2001). Adams and Victor's Principles of Neurology, 7th Edition. McGraw-Hill, New York.
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behavior
Guess the disease!
Question ID: 02210701
Question written by J. Douglas Miles, (C) 2006-2009, all rights reserved.
Created: 02/21/2007
Modified: 02/21/2007
Estimated Permutations: 0

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