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Guess the disease!

Topic: Behavior

Created on Wednesday, February 21 2007 by jdmiles

Last modified on Wednesday, February 21 2007.

GUESS WHAT I'M THINKING!

I'm thinking of a form of hepatic encephalopathy, marked by fatty liver and cerebral edema. It is seen in children and adolescents, and is associated with the use of aspirin during viral infections, especially influenza and varicella.
What disease am I thinking of?

 
        A) Sydenham Chorea
 
        B) Reye's Syndrome
 
        C) Korsakoff's Amnesic Syndrome
 
        D) Wilson's Disease
 
        E) Riley-Day Syndrome
 

 


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This question was created on February 21, 2007 by jdmiles.
This question was last modified on February 21, 2007.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS




A) Sydenham Chorea

This answer is incorrect.


Sydenham Chorea is a choreiform disorder associated with streptococcal infection.   (See References)

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B) Reye's Syndrome

This answer is correct.


Reye's Syndrome is a form of hepatic encephalopathy, marked by fatty liver and cerebral edema. It is seen in children and adolescents, and is associated with the use of aspirin during viral infections, especially influenza and varicella.  (See References)

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C) Korsakoff's Amnesic Syndrome

This answer is incorrect.


Korsakoff's Amnesic Syndrome is a syndrome of severe anterograde and retrograde amnesia. It is often associated with polyenuropathy. It is frequently associated with a thiamine deficiency secondary to alcoholism or malnutrition, with lesions of the mammillary bodies visible on pathology or MRI. It can have other etiologies, including ischemic lesions in various parts of the brain.   (See References)

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D) Wilson's Disease

This answer is incorrect.


Wilson's Disease is a disease wherein decreased cerluloplasmin leads to deposition of copper first in the liver and later in the brain (especially putamen and globus pallidus). Common symptoms include tremor and bradykinesia. Treatment is with d-penicillamine.  (See References)

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E) Riley-Day Syndrome

This answer is incorrect.


Riley-Day Syndrome is a congenital, autosomal recessive disease which predominately affects Jewish children. Failure to thrive and fever are early signs. Hyporeflexia and decreased pain & temperature sensation are noted on exam. There is also poor function of the autonomic nervous system. The standard test is for dopamine B-hydroxylase, which is diminished.  (See References)

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References:

1. Victor, M., and Ropper, A.H. (2001). Adams and Victor's Principles of Neurology, 7th Edition. McGraw-Hill, New York.
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behavior
Guess the disease!
Question ID: 02210701
Question written by J. Douglas Miles, (C) 2006-2009, all rights reserved.
Created: 02/21/2007
Modified: 02/21/2007
Estimated Permutations: 0

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