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Brain and Brainstem

Last updated on Saturday, September 13 2014 by jdmiles

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Brain and Brainstem


This section discusses the anatomical strcutures of the cerebral hemispheres and the brainstem, and their related functions.


Terminology:
By the end of this section, make certain that you understand what each of these terms mean, and can apply them appropriately.  If applicable, make sure you can find each item on a whole brain, brain section, or image of a brain.

  • caudate nucleus
  • head of the caudate nucleus
  • body of the caudate nucleus
  • tail of the caudate nucleus
  • putamen
  • neostriatum
  • hippocampus
  • fornix
  • body of the fornix
  • columns of the fornix
  • internal capsule
  • limbs of the internal capsule
  • genu of the internal capsule
  • amygdala
  • uncus
  • globus pallidus
  • lenticular nucleus
  • subthalamic nucleus
  • substantia nigra
  • basal ganglia
  • insular cortex
  • lateral ventricles 
  • anterior horn of the lateral ventricle
  • posterior horn of the lateral ventricle
  • inferior horn of the lateral ventricle
  • body of the lateral ventricle
  • frontal section
  • horizontal section
  • tegmentum
  • reticular formation
  • tectum
  • cerbral peduncle
  • crus cerebri
  • superior colliculi
  • inferior colliculi
  • quadrigeminal plate
  • red nucleus
  • basis pedunculi
  • substantia nigra
  • periaqueductal gray
  • crebellar peduncles
  • inferior olivary nuclei
  • olives
  • pyramids
  • prosencephalon
  • telencephalon
  • diencephalon
  • mesencephalon
  • rhombencephalon
  • metencephalon
  • myelencephalon
  • tela choroidea
  • Pineal body
  • Basal ganglia
  • extrapyramidal system
  • globus pallidus externa and interna
  • caudate nucleus
  • striatum
  • putamen
  • lenticular nucleus
  • substantia nigra
  • nigrostriatal pathway
  • motor loop
  • cognitive and association loops
  • Oculomotor loop
  • Subthalamic nucleus
  • nucleus accumbens
  • corpus striatum
  • pallidum
  • pallidothalamic fibers
  • ventral lateral nucleus of the thalamus (VL)
  • ventral anterior nucleus of the thalamus (VA)
  • dorsomedial nucleus of the thalamus (DM)
  • centromedian nucleus of the thalamus (CM)
  • ventral tegmental area
  • pallidofugal fibers
  • corticostriate fibers
  • tremor
  • akinesia
  • rigidity
  • thalamus
  • vasculature of the nervous system
  • internal carotid arteries
  • anterior cerebral arteries
  • anterior communicating artery
  • medial striate arteries
  • anterior choroidal arteries
  • middle cerebral arteries
  • lateral striate arteries
  • posterior cerebral arteries
  • superior cerebral veins
  • thalamostriate veins
  • choroidal veins
  • superior sagittal sinus
  • vertebral arteries
  • anterior and posterior spinal arteries
  • basilar artery
  • postierior inferior cerebellar arteries (PICA)
  • anterior inferior cerebellar arteries (AICA)
  • pontine arteries
  • labyrinthine arteries
  • superior cerebellar arteries (SCA)
  • circle of Willis
  • middle cerebral veins
  • internal cerebral veins
  • great cerebral vein (of Galen)
  • basal vein(s) (of Rosenthal)

 

Section 1: Overview and Surface Anatomy

Section 2: Looking at the Brain from Different Angles

Section 3: Neuroanatomy Landmarks: Ventricles

Section 4: Neuroanatomy Landmarks: Diencephalon

Section 5: Neuroanatomy Landmarks: Basal Ganglia

Section 6: The Brainstem

Section 7: Vasculature of the Brain

Section 8: Cranial Nerves

 

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If you have any questions regarding this section, please ask them in the Neuroanatomy User Forum, or in the comments section at the bottom of this page.