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Extraocular muscles

Topic: Anatomy

Created on Tuesday, July 11 2006 by

Last modified on Wednesday, December 31 1969.

A 110 year-old female yucca salesperson visits you in a mutual friend's home, complaining of diplopia.
You note that most of the time that she is facing you and talking, she sits with her chin raised, with her head extended and tilted toward her right shouder.
Based on this information alone, you suspect that there may be a paresis of which extraocular muscle?

 
        A) Left superior rectus
 
        B) Left medial rectus
 
        C) Left inferior oblique
 
        D) Right oblique rectus
 
        E) Left oblique rectus
 

 


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This question was created on July 11, 2006 by .
This question was last modified on December 31, 1969.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS




A) left superior rectus

This answer is correct.


This presentation is typical of a paresis of the left superior rectus. A patient with a paresis of the left superior rectus muscle will have impaired elevation and inward rotation of the left eye, and is likely to try to minimize her diplopia by looking at the world with her chin raised, with her head extended and tilted toward her right shouder.  (See References)

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B) left medial rectus

This answer is incorrect.


This presentation is typical of a paresis of the left superior rectus. A patient with a paresis of the left medial rectus muscle will have impaired adduction of the left eye, and is likely to try to minimize her diplopia by looking at the world with her chin turned toward her right shoulder and her right eye abducted.  (See References)

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C) left inferior oblique

This answer is incorrect.


This presentation is typical of a paresis of the left superior rectus. Paresis of the left inferior oblique muscle does not present in this way.  (See References)

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D) right oblique rectus

This answer is incorrect.


This presentation is typical of a paresis of the left superior rectus. The right oblique rectus is not a real muscle.  (See References)

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E) left oblique rectus

This answer is incorrect.


This presentation is typical of a paresis of the left superior rectus. The left oblique rectus is not a real muscle.  (See References)

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References:

1. Ross, R.T. (1999). How to Examine the Nervous System, 3rd Edition. Appleton & Lange, Stamford, Connecticut. Pp. 45-60
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anatomy
Extraocular muscles
Question ID: 0000003
Question written by . (C) FrontalCortex.com 2006-2009, all rights reserved. Created: 07/11/2006
Modified: 12/31/1969
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