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Neurooncology Most Commons 01

Topic: Adult

Created on Saturday, October 20 2007 by jdmiles

Last modified on Saturday, October 20 2007.

Which of the following is the most common pediatric central nervous system glial neoplasm?

        A) Oligoastrocytoma
        B) Ependymoma
        C) Pilocytic astrocytoma
        D) Retinoblastoma
        E) Oligodendroglioma


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This question was created on October 20, 2007 by jdmiles.
This question was last modified on October 20, 2007.























A) oligoastrocytoma

This answer is incorrect.

Pilocytic astrocytoma is the most common pediatric central nervous system glial neoplasm. Oligoastrocytoma is the most common brain mixed glioma composed of mixed cells of oligodendroglial and astrocytic phenotypes. (1, 146)  (See References)

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B) ependymoma

This answer is incorrect.

Pilocytic astrocytoma is the most common pediatric central nervous system glial neoplasm. Ependymoma is the most common intraspinal tumor associated with subarachnoid hemorrhage. (1,2)  (See References)

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C) Pilocytic astrocytoma

This answer is correct.

Pilocytic astrocytoma is the most common pediatric central nervous system glial neoplasm. (1)  (See References)

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D) retinoblastoma

This answer is incorrect.

Pilocytic astrocytoma is the most common pediatric central nervous system glial neoplasm. Retinoblastoma is the most common intraocular malignancy of infants and children, occurring in 1 of 15,000 to 18,000 live births. There are 3-7 cases per million people per year worldwide. Age of onset is typically before five years. It arises from cells that are defective in both copies of the retinoblastoma susceptibility gene (rb1) on chromosome 13, and has served as a model for the understanding or tumorigenesis. It is characterized by direct spread to the optic nerve and orbit as well as hematogeneous and lymphatic spread. It is radiosensitive and highly curable, but untreated may cause blindness or death. It is responsible for approximately 1% of all deaths caused by childhood cancer. (1, 148-189)  (See References)

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E) oligodendroglioma

This answer is incorrect.

Pilocytic astrocytoma is the most common pediatric central nervous system glial neoplasm. Oligodendroglioma is the most common of all tumors which induce long-standing epilepsy. (1, 147)  (See References)

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Neurooncology Most Commons 01
Question ID: 10210701
Question written by J. Douglas Miles, (C) 2006-2009, all rights reserved.
Created: 10/20/2007
Modified: 10/20/2007
Estimated Permutations: 8400

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