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Last updated on Tuesday, July 9 2013 by jdmiles

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A introduction to the anatomy and physiology of the eye and structures that are involved in vision.

By the end of this section, make certain that you understand what each of these terms mean, and can apply them appropriately.  If applicable, make sure you can find each item on a whole brain, brain section, or image of a brain.

  • meridional section
  • cornea
  • sclera
  • choroid
  • sensorineural retina
  • Retinal pigment epithelium
  • ciliary body
  • ciliary processes
  • iris
  • lens
  • anterior chamber of the eye
  • posterior chamber of the eye
  • vitreous humor
  • aqueous humor
  • sphincter muscles of iris
  • dilator muscles of iris
  • fovea
  • foveola
  • ciliary ganglion
  • canal of Schlemm
  • zonule fibers
  • accommodation
  • choriocapillaris
  • layer of rods and cones
  • layer of bipolar and horizontal neurons
  • outer plexiform layer
  • central retinal artery
  • optic nerve
  • optic tract
  • macula
  • lateral geniculate nuclei of the thalamus
  • geniculocalcarine fibers
  • optic radiations
  • loop of Meyer
  • calcarine fissure
  • ora serrata
  • Descemet's membrane
  • primary visual cortex
  • visual association cortex
  • Bowman's membrane
  • stripe of Genarri
  • striate cortex
  • superior colliculi
  • pulvinar
  • hemianopsia
  • homonymous
  • quadrantic blindness
  • bitemproal hemianopsia
  • choroid layer
  • pretectal area
  • Edinger-Westphal nucleus
  • direct and consensual pupilary light reflex
  • ganglion cells
  • inner plexiform layer
  • papilledema
  • optic chiasm
  • trabecular meshwork
  • visual fields

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